Chad, the third least developed country in the world according to the UN, has declared a “food emergency” on Thursday due to the “constant deterioration of the nutritional situation” due to the war in Ukraine, according to a decree published on Thursday.

In 2021, 5.5 million Chadians, more than a third of the population, needed “urgent humanitarian aid”, according to the United Nations. The situation in this central African country has worsened due to the conflict in Ukraine, where Russia has imposed a blockade on Ukrainian grain exports.

Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno, head of the military junta in front of Chad, has signed a decree in which he warns “of the growing risk of the population if there is no humanitarian support with food aid.” According to the decree, “the government asks all national actors and their international partners to come and help the population.”

Russia’s offensive against Ukraine has led to a sharp increase in the price of cereals and oils, since both countries represent 30% of world wheat exports. The UN fears “a hurricane of famines”, especially in African countries, which import half of their wheat from the Ukraine or Russia.

In addition to the shortage of wheat, the populations of African countries are especially vulnerable to food price inflation, since their administrations have practically no financial resources to compensate them.

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