The Russian invasion of Ukraine, which began on February 24, has already caused in this country a total of 4,074 deaths among the civilian population and another 4,826 wounded, according to data released this Tuesday by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for human rights.
According to these data, updated as of May 30, among the deceased are 1,540 men, 1,014 women, 93 girls and 100 boys, as well as 69 minors and 1,258 adults whose sex is still unknown. The UN also estimated that among the injured there are 971 men, 653 women, 112 girls and 137 boys, as well as 166 minors and 2,787 adults of still unknown sex.
The document published by the UN collects data that includes the victims caused by the Russian attacks from 04:00 local time on February 24, until 24:00 on May 29. The agency indicates that the regions of Donetsk and Lugansk, in the east of the country and where these days the fighting has intensified, there have been 5,037 casualties (2,307 dead and 2,730 wounded).
In the territory of these regions of Donbas, still controlled by the kyiv government, the number of dead reaches 2,171 and the number of wounded totals 2,161. Meanwhile, in the areas controlled by armed groups affiliated with Russia, there have been 136 dead and 569 wounded. In other regions of Ukraine spread throughout the country (Cherkassy, Chernigov, Kharkiv, Kherson, kyiv, Mykolaiv, Odessa, Sumy, Zaporizhia, Dnipropetrovsk, Poltava, Rivne, Vinnytsia and Zhytomyr), which were under the control of the kyiv Government when There were casualties, the deceased already totaled 1,767 and the wounded 2,096.
According to the UN, the majority of recorded civilian casualties were due to the use of explosive weapons with a wide impact area, including heavy artillery shelling and multiple rocket launch systems, and air and missile attacks.
The UN believes that the true figures are considerably higher, as the receipt of information from some places where intense hostilities have taken place has been delayed and many reports are still pending corroboration. This affects, for example, the besieged city of Mariupol (in the Donetsk region), to Izium (Kharkov region) and Popasna (Lugansk region), where there are reports of numerous unaccounted for civilian casualties.
The UN reports are based on information that the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine gathered through interviews with victims and their relatives, witnesses, analysis of material shared confidentially with the agency itself, official records, open source, photographic and video materials, and forensic records and reports, among others.
All sources and information are evaluated for relevance and credibility and checked against other information. In some cases, corroboration may take time. This may mean that conclusions about civilian casualties may be revised as more information becomes available and figures may change as new information emerges over time, the UN office said.
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